What is ADHD?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. It is one of a number of different neurodiverse conditions including dyspraxia, dyslexia and autism including aspergers.

ADHD is not a new phenomena. Back in 1899, the philosopher William James, in his book “Talks to Teachers” observed that “some of us are naturally scatterbrained” whilst others “follow easily a train of connected thoughts without temptation to swerve aside to other subjects”. He attributed this to differences in our “fields of consciousness”.  Fast forward nearly 70 years and the term “hyperkinetic impulse disorder” could be found in the second edition of the psychiatrist’s handbook, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). An updated version is used today as well as a new category to help diagnose the condition: ADHD.

Currently, symptoms of ADHD tend to be noticed at an early age and can be diagnosed when children are 6 to 12 years old but this is not always the case and there are undoubtedly people that would have not been recognised in their youth due to the absence of awareness and potential to be be diagnosed at the time. The symptoms of ADHD can improve with age, especially if childhood symptoms are treated so that the developing mind is able to establish habits and routines that mitigate the effects later on. However, many adults who are diagnosed with the condition continue to experience problems.  People with ADHD may also have additional problems, such as depression, difficulty falling or staying asleep and social or general anxiety disorders, these can result as either a consequence of ADHD itself, or the effects it has on one’s life. These “comorbidities” as they are referred to may need to be treated alongside ADHD symptoms.

It is unknown exactly what causes ADHD but there is evidence to suggest that it runs in families and relates to structural differences in the anatomy of the brain. We appear to just be wired differently! An important thing to remember is that ADHD need not be an obstacle to leading a successful life. If you have been diagnosed or think you might need to to be, just take a look at a few of your peers…

Michael Phelps, Jim Carrey, Rory Bremner, Billy Connolly, John F. Kennedy, Thomas Edison, Howie Mandel, Justin Timberlake, Steven Spielberg, Albert Einstein, and Will.i.am.


ADHD symptoms

Information about ADHD Symptoms and the different types of ADHD. 

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Neurodiversity and Comorbidities

Do you know it is very common for people with ADHD to also have symptoms of other neurodevelopmental conditions?

Find out about Neurodiversity and Comorbidities

How to get an ADHD assessment

Read our comprehensive guide for how to access an Adult ADHD assessment / diagnosis on the NHS or Privately.

Guide to getting an ADHD Assesment


We provide information on the pharmacological treatments for treating adult ADHD. 

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Coping Strategies and ADHD CBT

There are many other non medication treatments and coping strategies that can really help with ADHD symptoms.

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Information for Parents and Children

Read our resource and signposting page for Parents, Children and Young People affected by ADHD.

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